The recent literature concerning the structure of teleost epidermis is reviewed; particular attention is given to salmonids and epidermal variability and plasticity. A preliminary survey of hatchery-reared and wild 0+ brown trout Salmo trutta L. suggested that quantitative and qualitative variation in epidermal structure are related inter alia to development and disease. A subsequent, temporal investigation of disease-free brown trout revealed a decline in the density of superficial mucous ce...
The European Commission considers aquaculture a strategic industry and provides guidance and financial support to Member States to increase production. However, despite that, targets have not been achieved, not least due to low competitiveness against imports from third countries. The aim of this thesis was to assist with sectoral strategy development and coordination across member states, as well as with firm-level competitive strategy formulation by, first, developing a prototype dynamic b...
Aquaculture, the farming of fish and seafood, is recognized as a highly efficient system for producing protein for human consumption. In contrast, many terrestrial animal protein production systems are inefficient, impacting land use and exacerbating climate change. Humankind needs to adopt a more plant-centric diet, the only exception being fish consumed as both a source of protein and essential dietary nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids. Here we consider the implications of such a transi...
Salinity is one of the important factors affecting the physiological state of crustaceans in marine environments. Lipid plays major roles in energy supply and is main sources of essential fatty acids for membrane integrity, which is critical in adaptations to changes in salinity. Here we evaluated the effects of salinity (medium, 23 ppt and low, 4 ppt) and dietary lipid source (fish oil, FO and soybean oil, SO) on intestinal health of the marine crustacean mud crab Scylla paramamosain. The re...
Sepia pharaonis, the pharaoh cuttlefish, is a commercially valuable cuttlefish species across the southeast coast of China and an important marine resource for the world fisheries. Research efforts to develop linkage mapping, or marker-assisted selection have been hampered by the absence of a high-quality reference genome. To address this need, we produced a hybrid reference genome of S. pharaonis using a long-read platform (Oxford Nanopore Technologies PromethION) to assemble the genome and ...
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